9 - 12 December 2004, Sofia, Bulgaria
Intercultural learning and human rights at the dawn of the European year of citizenship through education


The SMILE conference showcased some of the recent innovations in human rights education and intercultural learning in South-Eastern Europe and provided a forum for people engaged in those types of educational activities to meet, connect, and formulate ideas for future projects. In addition, the conference provided workshops in order to introduce educators to interactive learning techniques for the purposes of human rights and intercultural education. All of those workshops were based on proven techniques that have been used successfully in the past. These workshops ranged from the highly interactive Playback Theatre, to non-violent communication, to training seminars developed by local non-governmental organisations.

25 - 28 November 2004, Tirana, Albania
An invitation to dialogue: The art of not just talking but thinking together


During this seminar, participants practiced several types of dialogue in order to promote dialogue as a means of intercultural learning and exchange. All of the dialogues shared common features: the Socratic dialogue has defined rules and structure, but still demands that participants shed their prejudices in order to work towards a common goal; the Bohmian dialogue is unstructured and free flowing, but the process of self-examination it provokes is no less rigorous. Finally, Marshall B. Rosenberg’s non-violent communication provides additional tools to help with interpersonal communication. The section on non-violent communication was later expanded upon as a stand-alone seminar in the SMILE project conference.

19 - 20 November 2004, Arad, Romania
Differences which bring us closer

This activity of the SMILE project took place during a conference on religious diversity and multiculturalism in Romania. It was organized as a World Cafe, and discussed topics relating to identity and multiculturalism, such as “How do we communicate in a multiethnic society?” and “What does multiculturalism mean to me?” The participants were impressed by the interactive character of the seminar, and developed a flexible definition of intercultural learning and integration.

8 October 2004, 9 December 2004, Sofia, Bulgaria
State of intercultural learning in Bulgaria

These two workshops brought together representatives of the Ministry of Education and Science, university lecturers, teachers, and other experts in the field of intercultural learning in Bulgaria. At both sessions, participants used the World Cafe in order to create and develop new ideas for the promotion of intercultural learning in the country. Two key measures proposed by the participants are a dictionary of terms used in intercultural learning, and a training course on intercultural competence designed for adult learners.

   * Adult Education In The Context Of Life Long Learning

24 - 26 September, 2004, Skopje, Macedonia

Common solution

The second workshop was based on anti-prejudice education. The seminar activities were designed to draw attention to problems and issues related to prejudice and discrimination. Some of these topics include how prejudice is created and sustained by learned patterns of behaviour, and through state structures and institutions. Participants also delivered presentations on issues of discrimination in their home countries.

World Cafe in Albania

World Cafe in Albania

As part of the dissemination activities after the Future Creating Workshop in Borovetz, Ms. Eniana Veli implemented a World Cafe on diversity with her students from the "Jeromin Derado" high school in Tirana, Albania. In order to make the event more accessible to her high school group, she organized World Cafe as a "Coca-Cola" cafe. The interactive methodology was well received by the class, and Ms. Veli will implement additional World Cafes in the future.

15 - 18 July 2004, Borovetz, Bulgaria
“SEEding the future:” The future creating workshop

Common solution

The first workshop of the SMILE project brought together educators from Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro, Macedonia, Bulgaria, and Romania in order to give them practical experience in the Future Creating Workshop and the World Cafe. The Future Creating Workshop, developed by Robert Jungk and Norbert Mueller, is a participatory problem-solving technique which taps into the imagination of participants in order to produce innovative solutions to individual, local, and regional issues. It is expected that participants will teach the methodologies they have learned to others, and to use those methods in their classes.